Door positions kerbside or median

Bus Door Positions Kerbside or Median

Door positions in Port Elizabeth's (NMBM) new busses face the center island (median) and is seen to be a mistake due to NMBM's small size and narrow road reserves.

Please note in these photos various locations have either right hand or left hand rule of the road. This is not explained for individual cities in the texts that follow. Rule of the road for the specific locations is either self evident from the photos or common knowledge

Bus door positions traditionally have been sidewalk facing, and unless anyone has been to any of the large cities with modern BRTs, mostly in South America, that is the way they will remember how busses work. Here is the modern version of the typical London Bus, like the double deckers Port Elizabeth had in the early days

London sidewalk facing doors

South America with sprawling cities of millions of people has taken a lead in development of BRTs.

BRTs are designed to concentrate busses on one part of the road to allow free flow of busses. BRTs take space a way from general traffic and increases the level of congestion for general traffic. BRTs mostly run on the median of existing roads

Taking space away from general traffic is justified by the premise that said BRT will attract riders from general traffic, and thus reduce demand from general traffic. So on that basis it is said to be OK to take space away from general traffic.

Whether it will always work out like that can be debated. BRTs should not strangle general traffic, which can have the end result of stifling economic activity. To do this in exchange for expediting the flow of commuters to work and back can be self defeating

In the two cases shown here general traffic does not appear to have been impeded, but in the case of NMBM it is a different story, as shown in the lower pic on Govan Mbeki Ave outside the Law Courts. An extremely wide BRT on the median has strangled general traffic down to one lane per side, creating an extreme bottleneck on this previously bustling business arterial

DOT has gone as far as adopting a policy that it is OK to drop Level of Service a few points because ultimately BRTs are the medicine that will cure the transportation problems of our time. However, without moderation and correct interpretation that policy cannot be used to justify a poor decision

The decision to place doors on busses facing the median is discussed next, but first a look at bus door positions in cities around the world

Curitiba panorama, click on pic and scroll panorama

Typical BRT on median. Guangzhou China

Bogota example of median BRT station. New York Times

General traffic lanes excessively reduced in NMBM Govan Mbeki Ave. BRT lanes not functioning

Other examples - Guangzhou, China. This was a flagship project for international consultants, the Institute of Transport Development Policy ITDP, who are discussed elsewhere in these documents

Guangzhou sidewalk facing doors

Other examples - Curitiba Brazil, the first and oldest BRT system in South America, was the roll model for the now famous and more advanced BRT in Bogota, Colombia. Sidewalk facing doors on this older section, but newer routes have median facing doors.

Curitiba Brazil, sidewalk facing (some
new routes in Curitiba have median facing doors)

More Curitiba - see massive size of modal interchange at Cabral. NMBM just is'nt in this league, NMBM cannot copy this type of modal interchange because space is not available and it is not a fit for the size of this Metro. Parana Avenue, width approx 45m

Curitiba, doors face sidewalk

Brisbane Australia, BRT with split stations and kerbside doors

Brisbane BRT, with kerbside doors

Toronto Canada, with kerbside doors

Toronto Canada, with kerbside doors

Ottawa Canada, articulated bus with kerbside doors

Ottawa, with kerbside doors

Beijing China, with kerbside doors

Beijing, with kerbside doors

New Delhi, capital city of India.

A rapid increase of population coupled with high economic growth, has resulted in an ever increasing demand for better transport. The Delhi government is planning to have 413 km of metro, 292 km of BRT, and 50 km of light rail by 2020

There were 5.5 million registered vehicles in the city, which was the highest in the world among all cities, at the time of source writing.

Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) operates the world's largest fleet of compressed natural gas (CNG) powered buses. Delhi was the second city in India to have a Bus rapid transit (BRT) system. According to source it was stated that by 2010, Delhi would have had over 8000 buses.

Construction of a Mass Rapid Transit system, known as the Delhi Metro was started in 1998. Commercial operations started in 2002 an it is continuously expanding. As of 2010, the metro will have operated 5 lines with a total length of 190 km and 132 stations. Source,

Connaught Place in Delhi is an important economic hub of the National Capital Region

Delhi busses - doors face sidewalk in traditional style with British inherited LH rule of the road

Delhi Metro Rail

Braunschweiger Trams in Europe, with kerbside doors

Braunschweiger Trams in Europe, with kerbside doors

Stockholm Sweden kerbside doors on trams

Stockholm tram doors face sidewalk

Gothenburg Sweden (Port Elizabeth sister city) with sidewalk facing doors

Gothenburgh trams, doors face sidewalk

New York borough Bronx - bus with kerbside doors

In New York doors face sidewalk

Quito Equador tram lines, in this case with doors on kerb side. Quito has other lines, at least one of which has median facing doors, as referred to in the BRT rating system.

Quito doors face sidewalk

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with traditional sidewalk facing doors. However, new BRTs in Rio will have median facing doors, specifically the one being built for the 2014 SWC

Rio de Janeiro doors face sidewalk

Sao Paulo, Brazil, with traditional sidewalk facing doors. However, new BRTs in Sao will have median facing doors

Sao Paulo doors face sidewalk

Other examples - Buenos Aires, Argentina

Buenos Aires sidewalk facing doors